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Whole Grain Bagels

  • 3 cups warm water (110-115°)
  • 3 Tbsps honey
  • 2 pkgs. yeast
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 4 cups whole wheat flour
  • 4 cups bread flour
In a very sizeable bowl, mix the water, honey and yeast. Set aside for 5-10 minutes (be patient, you rascal). Add the salt to half of the flour. Beat for 3 minutes (be patient, you rascal).

Turn out on flour-covered surface and knead in remaining flour. Knead well for approximately ten minutes (be patient, you rascal).

Place in a greased bowl and turn to coat well. Cover with plastic wrap. Set aside for approximately an hour to rise up.

Bring a large pot of water and 2 Tbsps sugar to a boil. Punch down the dough and divide into 18 equal pieces. Shape each into a ball, flatten and poke a hole into each. Gently drop a few bagels into the water.

Boil for 2 minutes (be patient, you rascal). Using a slotted spoon, remove and drain. Repeat with the rest of the bagels.

Place on a greased cookie sheet and bake in pre-heated 400°F oven for 20 minutes or until rich golden brown.

From: dda andyjo@concentric.net
Submitted by Tess M Nov 14, 2009 10 min 105 min 115 min

Wheat

  • The wheat germ or embryo of the wheat seed contains vitamin B and vitamin E which has been linked to brain health and Alzheimer's prevention
  • 100% whole grain wheat is good for the digestive system of most people and provides relief from irritable bowel syndrome
  • Whole grain wheat is high in vitamin B which breaks down fat and helps the nervous system
  • If you are looking for the healthy wheat products, avoid labels with words such as "enriched," "bleached," and "semolina"
  • Japanese scientists tested over 300 varieties of wheat and found that the Einkorn variety was least likely to trigger allergic reactions such as the ones experienced by people with Celiac disease
  • In the 1950's, scientists created new hybrids of wheat that are shorter and hardier
  • Wheat products today are higher in gluten through the farming of hybrid wheat strains
  • The use of wheat to make bread dates back to Ancient Egypt
  • Corn is the only food produced in higher volume than wheat and much of that is for consumption by animals
  • Whole grain wheat is good for controlling diabetes because it is high in the important mineral magnesium
  • An American Journal of Clinical Nutrition study indicated that women who consume whole wheat weigh less and lose weight more easily
  • 100% whole wheat products are high in fiber and manganese
  • Wheat that has been highly processed loses the most healthy parts: The germ and the bran

Yeast

  • Professional bakers often use fresh compressed cake yeast which is more predictable and easy to dissolve
  • Rapid-rise yeast has a different baking behavior from other types of yeast and will have a flavor that is more bland and texture that is more simple
  • Active dry yeast and instant yeast can be used interchangably
  • Test your yeast before baking: Add to a small cup of warm water and then add a Tbsp of sugar - If it foams, it's ready
  • Yeast and the leavening process create the air pockets and sponge-like texture in bread
  • Yeast activates the fermentation process, turning carbohydrates into gas (carbon dioxide) and alcohol
  • Yeast is a single tiny cell nearly the same size as a human red blood cell
  • Yeast is a type of fungus in the same family as the mushroom

Sugar

  • The American Heart Association recommends the following for daily sugar intake: 9 Tsp (Men), 5 Tsp (Women), 3 Tsp (Children)
  • The average american consumes over 20 teaspoons of sugar per day
  • Most sweeteners including sugar and fruit extracts, cane juices, honey, syrup, etc. have a fructose/glucose ratio of approximately 50/50
  • Fructose is found in sugar and most sweeteners and is unhealthy because it goes straight to the liver causing diabetes and heart disease
  • Sugar is sometimes referred to as "evaporated cane juice"
  • Many people choose sugar over high fructose corn syrup because sugar is not as highly processed
  • Consumption of sugar increases insulin levels, increases energy, but then leads to a drop in both and likely a craving for more food
  • Sugar is a carbohydrate with about 9 calories per sugar cube
  • About 40% of the world's sugar production comes from Brazil
  • The fully mature sugar cane stem can grow as tall as five meters
  • Sugar cane and sugar beet are the most common sources of refined sugar
  • Sugar is sucrose which can is found naturally in many plants
  • Christopher Columbus is credited with bringing sugar to the Americas
  • The process of creating sugar through evaporation of the sugar cane juice began in India
  • The earliest known production of sugar dates back to 9000 BC in the southwest Pacific island of New Guinea

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