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Roti Bread

  • 500 gm all purpose or wholemeal flour
  • Pinch of salt
  • 2 cups or so water
This is a very basic recipe for the famous Indian bread, 'ROTI'.

You can mix flavorings (savoury) in the flour and suit your personal taste. Notice there is no sugar, yeast or butter. It is quite healthy and can be used for a roll-up meal.

Mix flour and salt nicely.
Add water, little by little and form into a semi soft dough.
Keep aside for 15 minutes for leavening; cover the dough with a moist cloth.
Knead a little more (2 minutes).
Make egg-sized balls.
Flatten and roll, roll, roll on dry flour with a rolling pin; it should be 4-5 mm thick and circular in shape.
Cook in a griddle or pan until a little brown on both sides. Keep turning.
Enjoy hot with curries or gravies, make roll-ups with meat, cheese and other sandwich fillings.

From: Shelly
Submitted by Tess M Nov 10, 2009

15 min 30 min 45 min

Wholemeal flour

  • Whole wheat flour is a synonym for wholemeal flour

Yeast

  • Professional bakers often use fresh compressed cake yeast which is more predictable and easy to dissolve
  • Rapid-rise yeast has a different baking behavior from other types of yeast and will have a flavor that is more bland and texture that is more simple
  • Active dry yeast and instant yeast can be used interchangably
  • Test your yeast before baking: Add to a small cup of warm water and then add a Tbsp of sugar - If it foams, it's ready
  • Yeast and the leavening process create the air pockets and sponge-like texture in bread
  • Yeast activates the fermentation process, turning carbohydrates into gas (carbon dioxide) and alcohol
  • Yeast is a single tiny cell nearly the same size as a human red blood cell
  • Yeast is a type of fungus in the same family as the mushroom

Sugar

  • The American Heart Association recommends the following for daily sugar intake: 9 Tsp (Men), 5 Tsp (Women), 3 Tsp (Children)
  • The average american consumes over 20 teaspoons of sugar per day
  • Most sweeteners including sugar and fruit extracts, cane juices, honey, syrup, etc. have a fructose/glucose ratio of approximately 50/50
  • Fructose is found in sugar and most sweeteners and is unhealthy because it goes straight to the liver causing diabetes and heart disease
  • Sugar is sometimes referred to as "evaporated cane juice"
  • Many people choose sugar over high fructose corn syrup because sugar is not as highly processed
  • Consumption of sugar increases insulin levels, increases energy, but then leads to a drop in both and likely a craving for more food
  • Sugar is a carbohydrate with about 9 calories per sugar cube
  • About 40% of the world's sugar production comes from Brazil
  • The fully mature sugar cane stem can grow as tall as five meters
  • Sugar cane and sugar beet are the most common sources of refined sugar
  • Sugar is sucrose which can is found naturally in many plants
  • Christopher Columbus is credited with bringing sugar to the Americas
  • The process of creating sugar through evaporation of the sugar cane juice began in India
  • The earliest known production of sugar dates back to 9000 BC in the southwest Pacific island of New Guinea

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