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Alum Yeast

  • 1 pint flour
  • 1 tsp powdered alum
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 1 Tbsp sugar
  • 2 ounces yeast
  • Meal
  • Crumbs
Pour enough boiling water into the flour to make a thick batter, stirring it until smooth. Let it stand until it is lukewarm. Add the powdered alum, salt, sugar and yeast. After it ferments, add enough meal to make it a stiff dough. Let it stand until it works and then spread it in the shade to dry.

To a quart of flour, add 1 Tbsp of crumbs.
Submitted by Tess M Oct 22, 2009
15 min 30 min 45 min

Yeast

  • Professional bakers often use fresh compressed cake yeast which is more predictable and easy to dissolve
  • Rapid-rise yeast has a different baking behavior from other types of yeast and will have a flavor that is more bland and texture that is more simple
  • Active dry yeast and instant yeast can be used interchangably
  • Test your yeast before baking: Add to a small cup of warm water and then add a Tbsp of sugar - If it foams, it's ready
  • Yeast and the leavening process create the air pockets and sponge-like texture in bread
  • Yeast activates the fermentation process, turning carbohydrates into gas (carbon dioxide) and alcohol
  • Yeast is a single tiny cell nearly the same size as a human red blood cell
  • Yeast is a type of fungus in the same family as the mushroom

Sugar

  • The American Heart Association recommends the following for daily sugar intake: 9 Tsp (Men), 5 Tsp (Women), 3 Tsp (Children)
  • The average american consumes over 20 teaspoons of sugar per day
  • Most sweeteners including sugar and fruit extracts, cane juices, honey, syrup, etc. have a fructose/glucose ratio of approximately 50/50
  • Fructose is found in sugar and most sweeteners and is unhealthy because it goes straight to the liver causing diabetes and heart disease
  • Sugar is sometimes referred to as "evaporated cane juice"
  • Many people choose sugar over high fructose corn syrup because sugar is not as highly processed
  • Consumption of sugar increases insulin levels, increases energy, but then leads to a drop in both and likely a craving for more food
  • Sugar is a carbohydrate with about 9 calories per sugar cube
  • About 40% of the world's sugar production comes from Brazil
  • The fully mature sugar cane stem can grow as tall as five meters
  • Sugar cane and sugar beet are the most common sources of refined sugar
  • Sugar is sucrose which can is found naturally in many plants
  • Christopher Columbus is credited with bringing sugar to the Americas
  • The process of creating sugar through evaporation of the sugar cane juice began in India
  • The earliest known production of sugar dates back to 9000 BC in the southwest Pacific island of New Guinea

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