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Kisra Bread (Algerian Bread)

  • 2 cups Semolina
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 3 tsps sugar
  • 3/4 cup olive oil ( vegetable or canola oil will also do)
  • 3 Tbsps plain flour
  • 1 cup water or as required
Each cup of Semolina makes about one bread. This is a pan bread cooked gradually over a fire.
Combine the semolina , flour, sugar, and salt. Stack into a heap with a hole in the middle. Pour in the oil and work the mixture into a crumbly dough. Slowly add water, enough to combine the mixture into a soft pliable dough. Divide the dough into two balls (or more, if your pan is very small). Roll the balls out (or hand-flatten) to the size of your pan. Lift carefully into the pan and poke a few holes in it with a fork. Bake slowly on one side until a rich golden brown color. Now turn over and bake the other side. We are using an open pan so I don’t know if this is baking or frying.

This is an Algerian bread made almost every day.
Submitted by Tess M Jun 3, 2009

15 min 30 min 45 min

Olive oil

  • Homer, the poet from ancient Greece referred to olive oil as "liquid gold"
  • The olive tree has an average life span of 400 years
  • Olive oil production existed in civilizations such as Crete and Egypt, thousands of years B.C.
  • Extra virgin olive oil tends to be darker, having a stronger olive flavor, and approximately 1% acid
  • High quality olive oil is derived from a process called cold pressing
  • Keep olive oil in a cool place - Too much exposure to heat and/or sunlight can lead to oxidization
  • Olive oil is a great source of monosaturated fat which can lower cholesterol levels according to the Mayo Clinic


  • The latin name for the olive is Olea europaea
  • Oleuropein is an antioxidant found only in olives which has anti-inflammatory, anti-atherogenic, and anti-cancer effects
  • Olives have a broad range of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory nutrients
  • Olives are high in monounsaturated fat which can actually lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels
  • Olives have an anti-inflammatory effect on the human body and some studies show they can reduce allergies
  • Olives contain hydroxytyrosol which has been proven to help bone strength and bone density
  • Olives are extremely bitter when picked from the tree so they must be cured before consumption
  • Spanish explorers brought olives to California in the late 1700's and the state now provides almost 200,000 tons of commercial olives annually
  • Olive trees on Jerusalem's Mount of Olives are considered by some people to be over 2000 years old
  • Archeologists found olives in Egyptian tombs including that of King Tutankhamen
  • The olive branch has long been a symbol of peace and can be found in the United States national seal in the talons of the bald eagle
  • The olive tree is a part of the Oleaceae family in the order Lamiales also shared by the Ash tree
  • All three of the major religions that originated near the Mediterranean (Judiasim, Islam, Christianity) consider olives to be sacred
  • Athletes in Ancient Greece rubbed olive oil on their bodies before competing
  • Ancient Greeks celebrated the birth of a male child with an olive wreath on the front door
  • Olives are native to Asia minor and the cultivation of olives reached the Mediterranean over six thousand years ago


  • The American Heart Association recommends the following for daily sugar intake: 9 Tsp (Men), 5 Tsp (Women), 3 Tsp (Children)
  • The average american consumes over 20 teaspoons of sugar per day
  • Most sweeteners including sugar and fruit extracts, cane juices, honey, syrup, etc. have a fructose/glucose ratio of approximately 50/50
  • Fructose is found in sugar and most sweeteners and is unhealthy because it goes straight to the liver causing diabetes and heart disease
  • Sugar is sometimes referred to as "evaporated cane juice"
  • Many people choose sugar over high fructose corn syrup because sugar is not as highly processed
  • Consumption of sugar increases insulin levels, increases energy, but then leads to a drop in both and likely a craving for more food
  • Sugar is a carbohydrate with about 9 calories per sugar cube
  • About 40% of the world's sugar production comes from Brazil
  • The fully mature sugar cane stem can grow as tall as five meters
  • Sugar cane and sugar beet are the most common sources of refined sugar
  • Sugar is sucrose which can is found naturally in many plants
  • Christopher Columbus is credited with bringing sugar to the Americas
  • The process of creating sugar through evaporation of the sugar cane juice began in India
  • The earliest known production of sugar dates back to 9000 BC in the southwest Pacific island of New Guinea


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